JAVAN (Heb. יָוָן), fourth of the seven sons of Japheth, son of Noah and father of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim (or Rodanim; Gen. 10:2, 4; 1 Chron. 1:5, 7). The name Javan reflects the Greek heroic name Ion, the legendary ancestor of the Ionians, a section of the Greek people. They are mentioned only once in Homer but became important later after colonizing the central part of the west coast of Asia Minor to which they gave their name, Ionia (Ἰωνἰα). The rise to power of the Ionians in the mid-eighth century has implications for dating the Genesis passages. Assyrian sources of the eighth century B.C.E. call the area Jawan and Jaman. Egyptian, and Persian sources also mention the Ionians. Through the Near East Javan came to refer to all Greece. The biblical sources mention Javanites as merchants in trade with the Phoenicians of Tyre (Ezek. 27:13, cf. 19) and as slave traders who bought Judean captives from Phoenicians and Philistines (Joel 4:6). The Javanites are also mentioned among the far-off nations who are destined to witness God's glorious deeds (Isa. 66:19). Other biblical texts seem to reflect the tensions and hopes of the Hellenistic period in which Judah and Ephraim are to take revenge on the Javanites (Zech 9:13). The Book of Daniel, which certainly refers to this period, contains an odious reference to the king of Javan (Dan. 8:23) and alludes to the power struggles of the period of the Greco-Macedonian Empire (10:20, 11:2). Javan has continued to be the Hebrew for greece . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Skinner, Genesis (ICC, 1930), 196–200; C.F. Lehman-Haupt, in: Klio, 27 (1934), 74–83, 286–99; Albright, Arch, 143; C.H. Gordon, in: HUCA, 26 (1955), 43–108. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Baker, in: ABD, 3:650; E. Kearns, in: OCD, 763; A. Birley and S. Hornblower, ibid., 764–65. (Michael Fishbane / S. David Sperling (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Javan — Javán o Yaván (Idioma hebreo יָוָן, Yavan, Hebreo tiberiano Yāwān) es dentro de la mitología hebrea y judeocristiana uno de los hijos de Jafet. Se lo menciona en el primer libro de la Biblia, Génesis 10:4. Fue padre de cuatro hijos: Elisá, Tarsis …   Wikipedia Español

  • javan — javan; javan·thro·pus; …   English syllables

  • Javan — Javan, 1) ein Sohn Japhets, dessen Nachkommen[764] (Javaniter) nach Griechenland zogen, daher 2) J. so v.w. Griechenland; 3) Stadt im Glücklichen Arabien …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • JAVAN — fil. Iaphet. Gen. c. 10. v. 1. Is. c. 66. v. 19. Ezech. c. 27. v. 13. et 19. Ionum Parriarcha. Huius filii 4. Elisam Aeolum caput. Tharsis Cilicum auctor, Chettim Cypriorum, et Rhodanim Rhodiensium progenitor. torniel. A. M. 1931. n. 22. Sed vide …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Javan — This article is about the Biblical name Javan. For Katherine Kurtz s fictional character, see Javan of Gwynedd. Javan is also an adjectival form for Java, which refers to something from the island of Java, and distinct from the term Javanese… …   Wikipedia

  • Javan — Ali Javan (* 26. Dezember 1926 in Teheran) ist ein iranischer Physiker am Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Zusammen mit William R. Bennett (1930 2008) entwickelte er 1960 den Helium Neon Laser. Leben Javans Eltern stammten aus Tabriz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Javan —    1) The fourth son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2), whose descendants settled in Greece, i.e., Ionia, which bears the name of Javan in Hebrew. Alexander the Great is called the king of Javan (rendered Grecia, Dan. 8:21; 10:20; comp. 11:2; Zech. 9:13).… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Javan ox — Ox Ox ([o^]ks), n.; pl. {Oxen}. [AS. oxa; akin to D. os. G. ochs, ochse, OHG. ohso, Icel. oxi, Sw. & Dan. oxe, Goth. a[ u]hsa, Skr. ukshan ox, bull; cf. Skr. uksh to sprinkle. [root]214. Cf. {Humid}, {Aurochs}.] (Zo[ o]l.) The male of bovine… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Javan — Hebrew for Ionia and hence the Greek area of Asia Minor which included Ephesus and Miletus (Acts 20:17; Rev. 1:11) and Greece in general, so that the king of Javan (Hebrew of Dan. 8:21) is a reference to Alexander the Great …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Javan — Yavane Yavane (en hébreu יָוָן) est un des patriarches cité dans le livre de la Genèse (Gn. 10:2). Il est le quatrième des sept enfants cités de Japhet. Le poète Homère, appelle les premiers grecs Iaoneés, et à partir de Sargon II, le nom Iavanu… …   Wikipédia en Français

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